ICKSMCB 2018 / 2018 International Conference of the Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology / September 17(Mon)-19(Wed), 2018 / COEX, Seoul, Korea

Nobel Laureate Lecture

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Research Ethics Symposium

September 18 (Tue), 12:20-13:10, Rm. 402

Christophe Benoist, M.D., Ph.D.

Understanding DTC-Gene Testing from a Legal Point of View

Na-Kyoung Kim, Dr.jur.
Department of Law, Sungshin Women's University, Korea

In order to ensure the validity of genetic testing, the accuracy of analysis and the appropriateness of interpretation should be guaranteed, so Article 49 of the Bioethics Safety Act and its enforcement rules try to ensure the accuracy of the analysis through the Korean Institute of Genetic Testing Evaluation. But beyond this discipline, the mechanism that ensures the validity of the interpretation from the viewpoint of the subject of the DTC-gene testing is lacking in the Bioethics and Safety Act. It is important to understand the uncertainty of genetic testing and the various meanings of genetic diseases from the viewpoint of the subject, but the genetic communication that makes this possible is currently very scarce. Besides, the lack of explanation of the medical personnel seems to be a serious problem because the uncertainty of the results in the tests related to prevention of a disease is much more amplified than that of the simple diagnosis tests.

Christophe Benoist, M.D., Ph.D.

The Law of Living Modified Organisms for Tests and Research in Korea

In-Ja Song, Ph.D.
National Research Safety Headquarters, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology (KRIBB), Korea

A wide variety of Living modified organisms (LMOs) have been developed in order to resolve diverse problems facing the human race such as diseases. Consequently, in order internationally to prevent in advance the potential negative effects of LMOs on the human body and the environment, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (henceforth "Biosafety Protocol") has been adopted and implemented.
In order to implement the Biosafety Protocol, South Korea likewise has legislated the Transboundary Movement, Etc. of Living Modified Organisms Act (henceforth "LMO Act"), which has been effective since 2008.
In accordance with this law, LMOs used at research facilities have been classified as those for tests and research, and their biosafety management has been the responsibility of the South Korean Ministry of Science and ICT(MSIT).
The MSIT and the National Research Safety Headquarters (NRSH) under the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB) have performed safety management of LMOs for R&D.
- Safety Management for R&D -
1. Report/Permit of LMO research facilities
2. Import report and notification of export of LMOs
3. Approval of LMO R&D

Due to the dramatic development of gene manipulation and editing technology and the expansion of application fields, it is expected that the technology will contribute to the treatment of chronic diseases and incurable diseases in the future. At the same time, because of the possibility of manipulating human genes, the ethics of technology need to be considered. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a legal basis to improve the system for using this technology in parallel with scientific understanding and continuous research on these gene manipulation technologies. In this year's Symposium on Research Ethics, we discuss the safety, usefulness and improvement direction of the LMO, which has a lot of interest to researchers as well as the general public. We invite professor Na-Kyong Kim (Sungshin Women's University) and Dr. In-Ja Song (KRIBB) to hear opinions on various aspects and current status on these topics.

Co-Organizers & Chairs: Do Hee Lee, Ph.D. (Seoul Women's University, Korea)
Seung-Hee Lee, Ph.D. (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology(KAIST), Korea)